Officers and soldiers from the Coast Guard Administration of the Department of Marine legally enforce tasks, such as executing the security check of coastal and port security and assisting the implementation of orders from the government. Consequently, they need to have sufficient knowledge of related laws and available manpower on duty. Compared with officers and soldiers from the Defense Department, they have to face "quasi-war" situations while the latter are comparatively reserved for war. As far as the crisis management is concerned, tasks for the Coast Guard military personnel are more urgent and challenging.
The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of a general mercenary system policy on the front-line soldiers through policy evaluation and find pragmatic solutions to predictable problems. By means of qualitative study and in-depth interviewing, the study plan to research the impact of the new policy on the front-line officers and soldiers based on the five indexes: the impact, the effectiveness, the feasibility, advantages and disadvantages and sequencing.The following are the results of the assessment and analysis.
The main impact includes the poor quality of recruited personnel, inappropriate use of available manpower, lack of effective training, failure of task division based on expertise, improper task planning, ignoring the urgent needs for more manpower and mistakes caused by executive personnel.
To improve effectiveness and enhance collaboration, there are ways such as providing incentives, strengthening training, division of tasks based on expertise and effective manipulation of available human resources.
To increase feasibility in support of the new policy, it is important to enhance the expertise and cultivate necessary traits for the Coast Guards, strengthen their knowledge of laws and crisis management capacity, properly arrange marine human resources, improve coastal marine equipment and enhance the overall planning ability of the Coast Guard''s cadres.
As far as the pro and con of all voluntarism system are concerned, the dvantages are its functionality for long-term development and high executive ability; the disadvantages are the impact on personnel cuts, lack of crisis management ability and the volunteer soldiers' lack of social status and sense of honor.
In terms of sequencing, the most pragmatic manner is to execute the policy on a regular basis, set work regulations in advance, apply policy evaluation and control in each stage and ascertain the military positioning before the promotion of the system.
In accordance with the above conclusion, three specific proposals based on three dimensions: the Coast Guard international surveillance, port security check, and organizational behavior, are offered as follows.
First of all, the Coast Guard mission execution. Re-clarify the responsibilities and task division of the coast guards, coastal patrol force and the investigation team.Start experimental organizational reform so as to realize empowerment and accountability. Set reasonable strength objectives and deploy fast, flexible coastal boat & raft grouping to carry out the coastal surveillance tasks.
Second, the execution of port security mission. Simplify the top of the organization and fortify the front-line level instead. Strengthen the implementation capacity of the front-line security personnel. Gradually reduce unnecessary personnel and adopt outsourcing certain tasks. Integrate teaching resources and set up inter-departmental mechanism so as to increase the possibility of cross-departmental cooperation and effectively implement the port security mission.
Last, organizational operation and human resources. At the early stage of organizational transformation, reconstruct a complete system for the transformation of the shore personnel. Study successful cases of foreign Coast Guard volunteers. Recruit staff with professional training, self-confidence and dignity so as to realize the function of all mercenary system as well as boosting the morale of the front-line officers and to improve overall organizational effectiveness.