|摘要: ||In recent years, the world had been to a global crisis. The lack of food supply, the shortage of energy and the degradation of the environment, leading to prices of commodities especially staple food to soar high, so that food substitute is considered necessary. The result of increase in prices of staple food may escalate hunger. Since agriculture is looked upon as source of food supply, it is indeed crucial to look into technologies employed. It is believed that better technology, boosts production, therefore, more production, and more supply causes food prices affordable to the people.|
Hence this study is aimed at comparing the technology adoption of potato farmers in Taiwan and in northern Luzon Philippines, because potatoes potential is seen to play an even stronger role in agriculture, economy and food security. The main purpose of the study is first, to identify the technologies currently employed by potato farmers in each country. Second, to measure the perception of potato farmers towards the technology they are using. Third, to identify the factors that influences their present and future adoption.
Result shows that almost all potato farmers in Taiwan uses tractor during land preparation while in northern Luzon Philippines, almost all also uses grab hoe. For weeding practices, most potato farmers in Taiwan are using herbicides, few are using hand tool but in the northern Luzon Philippines, a great majority are using hand tool yet many are using herbicides. For planting practices, both applies similar practice, that is planting is done by manpower. For seed source, almost half of the potato farmers in Taiwan are planting the big leaf variety, while some are planting high yielding variety and still few are planting variety Number 3. In northern Luzon Philippines, a great majority is planting Granula variety, some also are planting high yielding variety and few are planting Igorota variety. To control pests and disease, both countries uses pesticides, insecticides, and fungicides, only few practices crop rotation and Integrated Pests Management (IPM). On fertilizer application, potato farmers apply fertilizer before and after planting though fertilizer types differ in each country. Almost all potato farmers in Taiwan irrigates their crop by flooding and few irrigates by the use of water pump, while in northern Luzon Philippines, majority are using rain burst/sprinkler, some uses water hose and also few uses water pump. In the harvesting period, majority of potato farmers in Taiwan uses a combination of machine (harvester) and manpower but many do harvests solely by human labor. In northern Luzon Philippines, they harvests by human power. After harvesting, majority of the potato farmers in Taiwan utilizes cold storage to keep their produce; many uses cold chain to transport them to the market and few applies natural air drying. In northern Luzon Philippines, a great majority, employ air drying, only few are using cold storage and cold chain when transporting, but most of the time the potatoes are directly hoard in a truck for direct delivery in the vegetable trading post, so along the way it is being dried. Finally, potatoes are graded in both countries by its physical size and appearance.
The perception on technology adoption by potato farmers in Taiwan is influenced by their age while in northern Luzon Philippines, by their age, gender and education. Extension programs and availability of the technology is what affects potato farmer's resource in Taiwan while because the technology has been practiced by other farmers is what affects the technology adoption in northern Luzon Philippines. Both technology efficiency and compatibility is what influences potato farmers in Taiwan while only compatibility influences technology adoption in the northern Luzon Philippines.
Age affects potato farmers in Taiwan but not in northern Luzon Philippines, all other personal characteristics did not show any relationship to present and future technology adoption. Extension programs and technology practiced by other farmers affects present and future technology adoption in Taiwan but not in northern Luzon Philippines. Availability of technology and resources (capital), efficiency and compatibility is not a consideration in each country for present and future adoption.