The concept of sustainable development originates from human's crisis awareness of rapid natural resources consumption and serious environmental pollution by modern industrial society and economic development. However, various countries' development direction is asymmetrical to the aim of sustainable development. Main focus would base on the improvement of economic efficiency and increase in production, then it would have production distribution, social fairness and social security, and finally on resources exhaustion and serious environmental pollutions. Human began to worry about sustainable development of society, economic, and environment.
In Taiwan, in order to promote fair development between regions, the government have invested great amount of resources in rural fundamental development and practical environmental improvement plan. However, the policies mainly focus on certain regions or hardware development in focus regions. At the same time, it is insufficient in long-term and integrated development planning proposal, which results of scattered development and fragmentation of new constructed buildings, causing damages to neutrality of beautiful scenery and ineffective to guide developments in rural regions as a whole. There are close relationships between rural development and community integrated planning. The community is the basic unit of rural. An entirety of rural is constructed by many communities. Therefore, rural development starts from community development. This research focus on the establishment of omni-bearing sustainable development strategies of rural communities integrated development under the concept of rural sustainable development, and hope to provide as references for rural communities integrated development.
This research adopts previous literature reviews to establish evaluation standards for rural sustainable development, and then through theatrical establishment to set the foundation model of communities development and rural sustainable development. Then, apply the two regions in Nan-Tou County, Tou-mi community of Pu-Li village and San-An community of Sui-Li village, as verification cases to analyze current problems of rural communities integrated development. The integrated problem is the extension of many individual problems, In other words, the problem of sustainable developments in rural to solve communities' problems in order to solve integrated rural problem. Finally, this research hopes to formulate a omni-bearing proposal that is applicable from governmental official to community residents, which seeks to solve individual problems, which progressively improves the development as a whole. As communities sustain developments, it would reach the aim of sustainable development in rural.