In 1841, Edgar Allan Poe presented a story entitled "The Murder in the Rue Morgue," which is a milestone of mystery fiction. This genre has received a great attention from writers and readers in the whole world. This influence occurred in both America and Europe, but also Asia. Especially in Japan, it puts the popularity of mystery fiction to the pinnacle. Actually, this influence also tends to Taiwan. The translated novels of Euro-America and Japan, as well as Taiwan writers' self-created novels that provide the readers in Taiwan a deep training of logical reasoning and enjoyment of imagination. Due to the geographical position, the historical overlap and the inter-affected culture inheritance, the creative style of Taiwan mystery fiction is deeply affected by Japan. On the other hand, Taiwanese society phenomenon under vigorous growth of economy in the seventies and eighties is also similar to Japanese society and economic environment after World War II, for example, money games and immoral behaviors spread over the whole society. Therefore, Fo-er Lin tried to find back the social justice which was lost so long time in social disorder by realism technique followed the works of Seicho Matsumoto.
This thesis will discuss the social development of Taiwan mystery fiction based on the works of Seicho Matsumoto published by Mystery Magazine, Lin Po Publishing Corporation, and the other Publishing Corporations; in particular, the literatures published from 1977 to 1986. Meanwhile, by comparing the disordered phenomenon of Taiwan society and social development depicted in Fo-er Lin''s novels such as “Murder Case of Island”, “Beauty rolled of pearl-decorated curtain”, “The hawk of Eastern-Ao” and “The death of the Ape”, the thesis tried to analyze the Seicho Matsumoto''s influence on Taiwan mystery fiction. In Seicho Matsumoto''s works, it could be concentrated on the relevant social influence of the real life aspect under high economic development and behind pretty virtual livelihood in Japan. We can understand the transitions of history and society, as well as materialization of human nature at that time by observing the writing style of both Seicho Matsumoto''s and Fo-er Lin''s works that include five aspects: description for natural environment and social customs, confusions about consciousness of social class, justices hidden in the society messiness, arguments about the emotion relations between men and women, as well as positive suggestions provided for society. Finally, we could find that Taiwan mystery fiction is affected by Seicho Matsumoto''s mind, which also truly reveals the unjust things of Taiwan society and presents some suggestions on behalf of common people. By readers' self-thinking and discussions, thus the society justice can be reappeared.