|摘要: ||本文主要目的是應用資料包絡分析法（Data Envelopment Analysis, DEA）評估台灣地區一審法院審理案件之相對效率，以提供法院有效運用司法資源提高生產力，進而提昇整體的案件審理效率為目的。針對民國93年度司法院所屬台灣地區19家地方法院，就其所審理之五大主要案件類別，選取之辦案資料及投入產出資源，作為分析基礎。投入項目有三，分別為：法官與其他支援人數與經常支出決算數三項，至於產出部分，則以刑事、民事、強制執行、簡易案件以及非訟事件的終結件數等五項指標表示之。|
This main purpose of this study is to evaluate the relative efficiency of the District Court of Taiwan by applying the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach. Five main cases classifications data from 19 District Courts in 2004 were selected. Three factors, which included Judge numbers, staffs numbers, and the number of often paying final accounts, and five factors, which included the terminated case numbers of the Criminal, the Civil, the Civil Compulsory Execution, the Simple and Non-contentious by District Courts in Taiwan.
Main conclusions are listed as follows:
1.Empirical results implied that the average value of total efficiency of total 19 district courts in Taiwan was 0.928. 8 District Courts were relative efficient based on this study.
2.Through the Slack Variable Analysis, this study provided a direction for those relative inefficient courts to improve by adjusting the input and output items, such as “staffs numbers” and “often paying final accounts”. With the limitations on regulations and fairness, real practices of the results should be cautious.
3.With BCC - the variable production scale specification approach, the best production scale for 8 counties, which were Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Keelung, Chungwha, and Taoyuanns, were the constant return to scale. District court with less efficient all were categorized in the state of increasing returns to scale but the Panchiao District Court, which was the only exemption with decreasing attribute.
4.The Consult Colony''s Analysis could offer those less efficient courts to target the paradigm courts to improve their efficiency. For example, Taoyuan, Keelung, Kaohsiung, and Taipei were the four ordered colonies that the Panchiao District Court could seek for consulting assistance.
5.Through the Sensitivity Analysis, the inputs and outputs with competitiveness in every district could be diagnosed to improve their fundamental advantages. Taking the court of Tainan as an example, “Civil Compulsory Execution Cases Terminated Number” in its output was the most important competitive item. In other words, the “Civil Execution Department” was the most outstanding sector in all judicial service departments at this District Court.