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National Chung Hsing University Institutional Repository - NCHUIR > 學術研究中心 > 生物科技發展中心 > 依資料類型分類 > 期刊論文 >  Optimization of Lipase-Catalyzed Synthesis of Cetyl Octanoate in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nchuir.lib.nchu.edu.tw/handle/309270000/145831

標題: Optimization of Lipase-Catalyzed Synthesis of Cetyl Octanoate in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
作者: Kuo, Chia-Hung;Ju, Hen-Yi;Chu, Shuan-Wei;Chen, Jiann-Hwa;Chieh-Ming, J.Chang;Liu, Yung-Chuan;Shieh, Chwen-Jen
Contributors: Wei Chun Wang
關鍵字: Cetyl octanoate;Esterification;Lipase-catalyzed;Response surface methodology (RSM);Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2)
日期: 2012-01
Issue Date: 2013-07-02 10:46:27 (UTC+8)
摘要: Cetyl octanoate, a wax ester of 24 carbons, is
widely used in the cosmetic industry as a base oil. The
current work focuses on lipase-catalyzed synthesis of
cetyl octanoate in supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2)
by esterification of cetyl alcohol and octanoic acid. Three
immobilized lipases were screened, and 15 reaction conditions
were tested in order to find the combination for
maximal yield. The results showed that Novozym 435
was the best catalyst for the synthesis, and a reaction
time of 20 min was adequate for a maximal yield.
Response surface methodology (RSM) with a 3-factor-
3-level Box-Behnken design was employed to evaluate
the effects of synthesis parameters, including reaction
temperature (35–75 C), pressure (8.27–12.41 MPa), and
enzyme amount (5–15% wt of cetyl alcohol). A model for
the synthesis was developed and the optimum conditions
could be predicted to be reaction pressure of 10.22 MPa,
reaction temperature of 63.70 C, and enzyme amount of
11.20%. An experiment was performed under this optimum
condition and a yield of 99.5% was obtained. This
experimental yield correlated well with the predicted
value of yield (97.6%). We concluded that, in a SC-CO2
system, nearly 100% molar conversion of cetyl octanoate
could be obtained by immobilized Novozym 435 in a
short reaction time (20 min) under the predicted optimal
Relation: J Am Oil Chem Soc, Volume 89, Page(s) 103–110.
Appears in Collections:[依教師分類] 張傑明
[依資料類型分類] 期刊論文
[依教師分類] 陳建華

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