Yang-Ming’s Theory of the innate conscience continued Confucianism from Confucius to Sung dynasty, and he developed the original power inside Confucianism, which is the distinguishing characteristic in life-orientation of Confucianism. There is a valuable therapy in the age of development. So, it is the core of study that how to develop Theory of innate conscience to logotherapy in nowadays.
Chapter One "Introduction" started the motivation, scope and method of the study. Chapter Two discussed the relationship of alienation, ontology, therapy to living Confucianism, which contains the force of logotherapy. Yang-Ming’s life with his Extension of innate conscience continued developing living Confucianism from pre-Chin dynasty. Chapter Tree explored the relationship of “Ontology” and “Practice”. Ontology and Practice are innate conscience, which is one system of Benevolence, also named “Theory of Ontology identified with Practice”. Chapter Four discussed the impossibility that human’s innate conscience can be aware of alienation. On the part of practical cultivation, after being aware of alienation, we can return to heart-ontology; on the other part of inner force of Ontology, there is the power being aware of alienation in heart-ontology. Returning to heart-ontology and being aware of alienation are Extension of innate conscience. Therefore, being aware of alienation and returning to heart-ontology are the same, which are cycled trend of “theory of Ontology identified with Practice”, and also is the trend of logotherapy. Chapter Five firstly pointed the background of logotherapy: Instrumental Rationality has been overly insisted on the modern society and which caused life turn into ossification and alienation gradually. The second discussed logotherapy on the trend of theory of the innate conscience: One could be steadfast oneself in the innate conscience, and then he would harmonize upon to Dao, which could spread out a whole new system in modern society. Therefore, theory of the innate conscience and logotherapy are each ontology other practice. From Cultivation of mind nature to logotherapy, it is a cycle of not only spread but also return. Chapter Six “Conclusion” confirmed logotherapy of Confucianism: there is the heart-force curing alienation in Yang-Ming''s Theory of innate conscience, which contains eternal value and power return to Ontology in postmodern society. However, due to the limited period of Yang-Ming, he had not developed the totality of history and society. In the future, being further explored and observed point in this dissertation is that how to concretely work Theory of the innate conscience and promote the maturity of civil society.