|摘要: ||This thesis examines the relationship among writing, awakening, the subversion of patriarchy, and the reconstruction of female subjectivity in Margaret Atwood''s The Blind Assassin. By referring to Luce Irigaray''s ethics of sexual difference and Hélène Cixous'' theory of feminine writing, I intend to explore how the female characters in the novel become the victims of the oppression of women in patriarchy, what contributes to Iris'' progress from blindness to awakening, and what role writing plays in Iris'' subversion of gender hierarchy and her further construction of female subjectivity. |
The thesis is divided into three chapters along with an introduction and a conclusion. The introduction briefly explains my research purposes, the main argument, and the structure of the thesis. Chapter One focuses on the oppression of women in patriarchy. The oppressed female characters in the novel conform to the metaphor of mute sacrificial virgin in the novella. Therefore, in the first chapter, I first analyze the problematic formation of patriarchy by referring to Irigaray''s ethics of sexual difference. Moreover, I will discuss the status of women in patriarchy as the tongue-cut victims of oppression and the continuous female sacrifices in the novel. Chapter Two aims to examine Iris'' blindness and passiveness to the oppression of woman and to explore the reasons for Iris'' progress from blindness to awakening. Chapter Three concentrates on the discussion of Iris'' writing. More specifically, with reference to Hélène Cixous'' theory of feminine writing, this chapter argues that Iris'' writings are feminine that bring her power to subvert patriarchy, repent her previous blindness, and reconstruct her female subjectivity. The conclusion integrates all these ideas to answer the research questions and to figure out the relationship among Iris'' writing, awakening, the subversion of patriarchal system, and the reconstruction of Iris'' female subjectivity.