Conventional agriculture currently remains the mainstream practice adopted in Taiwan, but organically planted farmland scale has been gradually increasing. This study is focused on understanding the differences between farmers’ attitudes toward agriculture and environment, with respect to agricultural norms and other factors.
The target population of this study is the farmers in Nantou County who are farming in the conventional practice, or obtained organic certification or Good Agricultural Practice (GAP). The valid questionnaires are totaled 186 with 62 by each type of farmers.
The results are as follows: in terms of agriculture attitudes, organic farmers tend to accept alternative agricultural paradigm, whereas GAP farmers tend to adopt conventional agricultural paradigm much more than conventional farmers. In terms of environment attitudes, organic farmers were inclined to accept new environmental paradigm, while GAP farmers were not. Besides, most main effects did not exist on the farmers’ attitudes toward agriculture and environment, whether they are certificated or not, but the interactions among some factors were demonstrated. Farmer background variables such as “farming experience” and “part-time or full-time farmer” show significant main effects on farmers’ agriculture attitude, and variables of reference group such as “farmers’ organizations”, “agricultural groups”, and “religion” obviously present impacts on farmers’ attitudes. “Farmer type” interacts with “education”, “family monthly income”, and “mother’s occupation” on farmers’ agriculture attitudes. At last, in respect of environment attitudes, the main effects of reference group variables such as “farmers’ organizations” and “religions” is significant, and there is an interaction between “farmer type” and “education”.