本研究整理氣候變化綱要公約與生物多樣性公約的合作趨勢，並透過指標內容的分析，看出低碳與綠色空間的結合潛力，然後鎖定低碳都市的發展與綠色空間中的生物多樣性，進行他國立法例及相關政策的系統整理，並檢視我國目前對此議題的發展現況。最後指出目前我國對此議題的認識不足，並建議在相關法制的欠缺下，應先透過政策擬定之方式，減少目前為了達成低碳發展而進行之綠化措施，所可能造成的生態危機。 The trend of cooperation among international conventions reflects in the continuous discussion between United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD). Measures on mitigation or adaptation taken in pursuit of low-carbon development would, more or less, affect biological diversity (hereinafter biodiversity). Building green spaces is particularly a human-induced way to affect the environment by using the features of plants; therefore, more integrated considerations should be gone through before implementation, in order to avoid potential negative effect on the environment. To achieve this, putting biodiversity related considerations into low-carbon urban development is necessary.
Urban areas are places with comparatively high population density, overall development, and greenhouse gas emissions. Comparing to the aspects of energy and waste disposal that focus on mitigation, green spaces establishment can uptake much more Carbon Dioxide, make efforts to adaptation, and promoting environment quality. Greenery measures are also a part of low-carbon urban development strategy shown as urban forest building, ecological corridors planning and other greenery measures implementations.
This study firstly pointed out the trend of cooperation among UNFCCC and UNCBD. Second, through analyzing low-carbon development and biodiversity indicators, the potential for the combination of these two issues can be inferred. Third, collect and organize legislations and policies other countries have on the issue of low-carbon urban development and biodiversity in green space, and compare them to Taiwan''s legislation and policy. The conclusion of this study suggests that government in Taiwan should quickly make relevant policies in order to avoid possible ecological damage when pursuing low-carbon urban development.