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標題: 中國勞動力的演變探討及分析
Explore and research the evolution of Chinese labor
作者: 陳艇彰
Chen, Ting-Chang
Contributors: 王精文
Ching-Wen Wang
關鍵字: 民工潮;民工荒;台商
flood of migrant workers;shortage of migrant workers;Taiwanese enterprises
日期: 2013
Issue Date: 2013-11-18 14:35:24 (UTC+8)
Publisher: 高階經理人碩士在職專班
摘要: 從1979年中國大陸實行開放政策,以低薪吸引外資,許多台商都紛紛來到中國大陸投資,相對高的薪資吸引了不少農民離鄉背井來到城鎮工作,引起「民工潮」。到了21世紀,農民工大幅減少,造成「有工沒人做的情況」,尤其是每逢農曆春節年後。而造成這樣民工荒的原因,正是這次研究的目的。
In 1979, China began the Open policy to attract foreign capitals to invest with low-paid. A relatively high salary attracts lots of farmers leave their homes and work in cities and towns which cause the "flood of migrant workers". In the 21th century, the migrant workers substantially reduces, companies are hard to employ enough workers, especially after the Chinese New year. The reason for having a hard time to employ or the cause of "shortage of migrant workers" is the main research purpose for this research.

In this study, we first review the labor-related academic theory: Lewis theory and Push and Pull theory. Follow by reviewing the historical review and explore. Then this study uses secondary data to illustrate the reason for "shortage of migrant workers". The main cause of the shortage is that: there are ideas and values change in new generation of migrant workers.

In this study, we make a survey to 56 Taiwanese enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta region about recruitment pipeline, the effectiveness of the use of the different recruitment pipeline and the reason for employee''s leaving. In this survey, we found that aside from poor salary-paid, employee feels there''s no future in this work and resign. For the above two point, this study suggests that company may improve the training and give cares to employee may able to reduce the turnover rate.
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