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標題: 2012年總統選舉中國家認同之研究
The Study of National Identity in the Case of 2012 Presidential Election
作者: 謝麟杰
Hsieh, Lin-Chieh
Contributors: 袁鶴齡
Hao-Lin Yuan
國家政策與公共事務研究所
關鍵字: 國家認同;統獨立場;政黨認同;族群認同;九二共識
National Identity;Unification-Independent Attitude;Party Identity;Group Identity;1992 Consensus
日期: 2013
Issue Date: 2013-11-18 15:27:32 (UTC+8)
Publisher: 國家政策與公共事務研究所
摘要: 本研究針對 2012 年總統選舉中國家認同進行分析,藉由深入文獻探討「認同」、「國家認同」、「中國認同」及「臺灣認同」,並以此為架構分析「族群認同」、「統獨立場」、「政黨認同」三者與投票行為之關聯性。
本研究之方法以《2009 年至 2012 年「臺灣選舉與民主化調查」三年期研究規劃(3/3):2012 年總統與立法委員選舉面訪案》(TEDS 2012)的二手資料進行量化分析,針對不同社會背景選民的臺灣認同、中國認同及九二共識探討 2012 年總統選舉中「國家認同」在各階段的動態轉變,以釐清各階段與投票行為之關連性,並對於臺灣民主化的持續發展以及目前混淆不清的「國家認同」問題提出參考建議。
本研究的結果顯示,影響民眾之國家認同,政黨認同是最大的原因,這與對九二共識的看法、臺灣認同,與中國認同有相當大的關係。因此依分析結果來看,就算有贊成統一之中國認同民眾,若兩岸社會差距過大,也是不宜統一。
Which is based on the definitions from the politicians is “national identities”. These definitions of different parties played important roles for a long time, which already became the basic doctrine of each party’s “national identity”. What’s more, these doctrines turned into a great standard to the party when the politicians operated the elections. Therefore, the study would discuss the” identity”, “national identity” , “Chinese identity”, and “Taiwan identity” by researched deeply from the references. Furthermore, the study would framed the thesis construction by the concepts above to analyze the connection among “group identity”, “the position between unity and independence”, “party identity”, and the behavior of voting.
The study used “Taiwan''s Election and Democratization Study, 2009-2012(III): the Survey of the Presidential and Legislative Elections, 2012(TEDS2012)” as the second-hand information to do quantized analysis. It tried to discussed the dynamical transformation of different voters, who were various from economic background, through analyzing “Taiwan identity”, “China identity”, and "1992 Consensus"so that it could help people to clarify the connection between each stage and the behavior of voting. In addition to that this research had recommendations for the lasting democratic development and the confused “national identity” of Taiwan at the present time.
The result of the study indicated that the reason affected the national identity of people was originated form the party identity, which were deeply related to the viewpoints of "1992 Consensus", “Taiwan identity”, and “China identity”. As a result, according to the analyzed conclusion, Taiwan is not suitable to be unified with China if it exists a huge disparity between the two societies, even though there are people who have “china identity” in Taiwan society.
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