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標題: 高中職校反毒教育宣導之研究—以臺中市為例
The Study of Anti-Drug Education:The Cases of Vocational and Senior High Schools in Taichung
作者: 江珍珍
Chaing, Chen-Chen
Contributors: 袁鶴齡
Hao-Lin Yuan
國家政策與公共事務研究所
關鍵字: 反毒教育宣導;宣導評價;反毒
Anti-Drug Campaigns;Campaign Assessment;Anti-Drug.
日期: 2012
Issue Date: 2013-11-18 15:31:19 (UTC+8)
Publisher: 國家政策與公共事務研究所
摘要: 本研究目的在於瞭解臺中市高中職校學生,接觸校園反毒教育宣導的情形、對反毒教育宣導的評價、以及教育需求之現況,並探討反毒教育宣導評價與反毒教育宣導教育需求之間的關係。本研究採取集群抽樣方式,使用自編的結構式問卷為研究工具蒐集資料。研究母群體為99學年度臺中市高中職校日間部二、三年級在學學生。先分層隨機抽取15所學校,每校再抽出2個班級的學生為研究樣本,總計有效樣本數為944人。資料以 SPSS軟體進行統計分析,統計方法包括描述性統計、卡方檢定、獨立樣本 t 檢定、單因子變異數分析與Pearson 積差相關分析。
研究結果如下:(1)學生接觸的反毒教育宣導活動的次數,以一年內接觸6次以上的比率最高;而接觸的類別,以反毒文宣品類宣導為最頻仍;其次為朝(週)會一般反毒宣導類;反毒專題演講類居第三。(2)學生對學校辦理的反毒教育宣導持正向的評價;隨學生的性別、年級、學制、學業成績、同學相處情形、以及每週家人互動時間情況上的不同,在反毒教育宣導上的評價亦隨之呈現差異。(3)學生對校園反毒教育宣導有中度需求;學生認為的反毒教育宣導呈現方式,以播放反毒相關影片宣導最有效;學生最喜歡的反毒教育宣導人員是戒毒成功者;學生性別與學校屬性不同,在認為有效的宣導方式,及喜好的宣導人員上也會有差異。(4) 反毒教育宣導評價與教育內容需求為正相關。(5) 2.4%的學生確知親友或同儕中有藥物濫用情形,而使用的毒品大宗為K他命。
本研究建議,學校負責宣導之單位或人員,應針對學校與學生的特性,訂制具特色之反毒教育宣導,並以學生認為有效宣導方式與喜歡的宣導人員實施宣導
,以達其成效。另外,可定期對參與宣導的學生抽樣實施問卷回饋,以追踨宣導活動成效,作為繼續執行或修正反毒宣導之依據。
The study aimed at exploring high school students'' exposure to anti-drug campaigns on campus in Taichung City, anti-drug campaign assessment, and the status quo of anti-drug education needs so as to further probe into the relationship between anti-drug campaign assessment and anti-drug education needs. In order to reach above goals, the research adopted cluster sampling methods and using self-devised structured questionnaires as methods of collecting data. Objects were selected from sophomore and senior students in high school in Taichung city in 2011, and a random sample of 15 schools was drawn from all the high schools. After that, two classes from each school were randomly chosen as research samples, and 944 valid samples were collected. The study conducted a statistical analysis with SPSS, and applied statistics methods, including Descriptive Statistics, the Chi-Square Test, Independent Samples T test, One Factor Analysis of Variance, and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient.
The results were as follows: (1) Students exposed to anti-drug campaigns at a frequency of more than 6 times/ year ranked the highest. In terms of categories, the exposure to anti-drug publications was the most frequent, followed by anti-drug lectures in the weekly meetings, and anti-drug keynote speeches respectively. (2) Students gave a positive assessment of anti-drug campaigns held by school; the difference in students'' gender, grade, academic system, academic achievement, group dynamics, and family interaction per week had influence on the assessment. (3) Students showed moderate needs for anti-drug campaigns on campus; students were convinced that playing anti-drug pertinent films was the most effective way to promote anti-drug campaigns; students'' favorite staff of anti-drug campaigns were successful drug quitters; the difference in students'' gender and school property had influence on their perception of effective campaigns and favored staff. (4) There was a positive correlation between the assessment of anti-drug campaigns and the needs for the campaign''s content. (5) 2.4% of the students asertained that their relatives, friends or peers had drug abuse problems and Ketamine was a major drug for them.
This study suggested that the relevant units or personnel at school should come up with featured anti-drug campaigns based on school and students'' properties, considering the preferred campaigns and staff to achieve its effectiveness; on the othe hand, it''s advisable to sample students taking part in the campigns for feedback questionnaires regularly in order to track the effectiveness of the campaigns to gauge whether the anti-drug campaigns shall be continued or amended.
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