For the past years In Taiwan, the formation of agricultural pond was caused by agricultural productivity enhancement and the necessity in irrigation under the circumstances of past agrarian society. In the procedure of agricultural pond development, it shows not only the holistic history context in Taiwan but demonstrates the local living culture. Related literatures has pointed out that agricultural ponds have not merely in the agricultural production but the function of reservoirs, flood prevention and other intentions for environmental preservation and ecological conservation, otherwise, the agricultural pond’s function of leisure and recreation has gradually been important day by day. However, since social change, agricultural ponds are vanishing, and the issue of agricultural pond conservation is urging to be noticed. In Yunlin County, their agricultural ponds are abound with precious characteristics and tightening with the nearby settlement, but unfortunately, they are inevitable to face with the same fate, fading and vanishing. “Value” is a concept for people evaluating or judging something, and something’s “value” will be a factor for people determining their thinking and consecutive action. Therefore, the research decides to investigate “the value” of agricultural pond for agricultural pond neighboring settlements in Yunlin County by applying the questionnaires, expecting for discovering “the value” of agricultural ponds which are full of local features. Otherwise, when some place has been appraised by someone as possessing positive values and meanings, the concept of place attachment will be developed into someone, corresponding to the above, “value” and “place attachment” both have relationship between each other. In another concept of the research, “attitude” is comprised by three elements of “recognition”, “sentiment” and ”behavior”, and it is a main idea for the framework determining the relationship between agricultural pond’s “value” (recognition), “place attachment” (sentiment) and “utilization” (behavior and intention) in the research, furthermore to find out whether deviation has existed between “value” recognizing in different region residents for clearly comprehending the local people’s thinking and attitude toward the local agricultural ponds. Otherwise, the residents’ thinking and attitude in the research can be the reference for future agricultural ponds’ conservation campaign and thus plotting a comprehensive and accommodated preservation strategy.
In the research, agricultural ponds in Yunlin County are determined as the study field, and the research purpose is to understand the agricultural ponds to local peoples’ recognition and relationship between three connotations of agricultural pond, including “value”, “place attachment” and ”utilization”. Otherwise, the research is separated into two procedures to implement, the first procedure is the pioneer study that applies the way of interview. From the result of the interview, the recognitions of agricultural pond’s “value” to local people can be separate into 7 connotation:
“economics”, “living function”, “leisure and recreation”, “safety and disaster prevention”, “cultural heritage”, “environment and ecology” and “personal emotion” 7 connotation, and agricultural pond’s future utilization have 2 connotations of “preservation” and “maintenance”. After the first procedure of interview data analysis, the outcome from the analysis transfers into the questions of quantitative questionnaire in second procedure, moreover, the research adds the place attachment scale into questionnaires then applying the confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation model to testify whether the research hypothesis will be established, and thus applying single factor ANOVA to analyze whether the deviations existed between “value” recognition in different regions of Yunlin.
The research result shows that, the study hypothesis has partly established, that is, the agricultural pond’s “value” is positive to the place attachment, the place attachment is positive to the agricultural pond’s future utilization, the agricultural pond’s “value” is positive to far pond’s future utilization, and the different regions agricultural ponds of Yunlin have significant deviations in agricultural pond’s “value”. According to the result, the research can be the reference and advice to future agricultural pond’s preservation in Yunlin.