Most Library and Information Science Programs in early age cultivated the professional competencies of Library and Information Graduates needed for entering library related workplace. In view of the recent flourishing development of electronic content industries, the Department gradually strengthens the concepts and practical abilities of students in the curriculum planning for electronic publishing and digital archive industries, to ensure the graduates to be equipped with relevant knowledge and skills while cultivating professional talents in information technology, and electronic publishing and digital archive industries. Consequently, the library and information graduates could be competent enough for more diverse work tasks with the scope of employment market eventual pushing towards electronic publishing and digital archive industries.
The purpose of the study is to understand the reasons and job descriptions of the position for library and information graduates upon entering the electronic publishing and digital archive industries. The study intends to investigate the professional competencies needed for the work projects and the views of the supervisors and service targets held towards the graduates. The study further discusses whether the professional competencies of the graduates could fulfill the requirements for work. The study adopts case study with emphasis placed on one electronic publishing and digital archive industry institution in Taiwan as the research field, collecting research data through in-depth interview. The interview respondents include the personnel with library and information related graduates, departmental supervisors, and the service targets with access to execution work from the institution.
The study discovered that the main reason leading the library and information graduates’ involvement in the electronic publishing and digital archive industries lies on the contact experience with the industries as a student; furthermore, their interests and for that industry environment and their expectations towards transferring to learning from other work fields. The work taken by library and information graduates in the electronic publishing and digital archive industries include sales, marketing planning and information management. The professional knowledge required for work should be able to control the grasp the overview and trend in industrial development, understand the information requirement for the service target from the work environment, the excellent communication skills and the information technology operating capabilities required for professional competencies. Moreover, the information retrieval skills for various digital content service interface and the managerial capabilities of executing projects are also required to maintain the same requirement of professional attitudes as other works. The personnel should maintain active, positive and continuous learning in industry knowledge as well as enthusiasm for their work. The department supervisor and service targets both indicate that the familiarity of the industries is an advantage for the library and information graduates to enter this field. The knowledge and skills required to perform the job duties can be constructed while at work. The employees could learn from company peers, supervisor and friends; or alternatively read books, and relevant literatures, and even pursue advanced study from on-the-job training. Nonetheless, the performance of professional attitudes depends on the education during the learning process, rather than the immediate effectiveness developed via on-the-job training.
The library and information graduates need to possess basic professional competencies in addition to strengthening the advanced application of professional knowledge and skills under such rapidly changing industries. The graduates need to emphasize on self-confidence in professional attitude when executing work tasks, and to cultivate the aggressiveness and ambition for work so that the potential and advantages of the library and information graduates working in electronic publishing and digital archive industries could be stressed.