The courts of the Han Dynasty often awarded the king sticks and the Jiu Zhang to the elders who have a great virtue to show the respect. This climate had lasted for a long time. Therefore, in this article, we make the issue of “Jiu Zhang” (turtle-dove-ended stick) as a center, and discuss the king sticks, Ji Zhang(small table and stick) and other sticks at that time, and explore their meanings and compare the differences and similarities among various sticks.
The "Method of Double Evidence" of Guo-Wei Wang refers to making new and old materials to be mutual evidences and complementarities. Over the years, there have been many unearthed imperial edict and volumes of laws and decrees, Jiu Zhang and other objects related to the king sticks of the Han Dynasty and the images of Jiu Zhang on the bricks of figures. Therefore, in this article, we adopt this way to make these cultural and historical relics and traditional literatures of the Han Dynasty be mutual evidences, so as to expend the achievement, and have a more comprehensive, in-depth and brand-new understanding.
The systems of honoring the elders and retirement are implemented positively in the Han Dynasty, with the Jiu Zhang and Ji Zhang, the meaning and enlightenment of honoring the elders are able to be emerged among the nobility, the officials and the common people throughout the country. It can be seen from the unearthed wooden documents and objects that the Jiu Zhang that had been bestowed are numerous and distributed throughout the country. Unlike the Han Dynasty, there were fewer prevalence and attentions in the bestowal of Jiu Zhang in later dynasties, but in the Sui and Tang Dynasty, and even in the Qing Dynasty, there had been events that the Jiu Zhang are bestowed by emperors recorded in traditional literatures, and they were far-reaching for the future generations. Therefore, if there are more unearthed objects of Jiu Zhang and relevant volumes, they will bring more new breakthroughs and developments for the issues of the Jiu Zhang in the future studies.