|摘要: ||在隆慶開海（1567 年）之後，東南沿海的海上貿易發生了變化，沿海居民一批批的向海外發展，正逢西方的葡萄牙人、西班牙人、荷蘭人追求利潤到達東方之際。因此造就了明代中後期的許多私人海商集團的出現。|
After the LongChin sea prosperously (in 1567), the southeast coast marine trade has had the change, coastal inhabitant one batch of to the overseas development, was meeting West''s Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch pursues the profit to arrive when the East. Therefore has accomplished the Ming Dynasty mid and late part many personal marine trader group''s appearance. In these marine trader group, most famous also scale biggest when is Zheng Zhilong, the Zheng Chenggong group, its marine influence and
the management scale, perhaps at that time or later European Various countries East India Company all paled by comparison. But take the beginning of Zheng Zhilong as the pirate, finally revolts Ming Jiangqing the result to end the life, causes Zheng Zhilong''s fact multi-manners to neglect. But its sub-Zheng Chenggong the affiliation father
Zheng Zhilong''s in overseas trade inherited from predicessors, socializes for ten several years by the golden mansion two islands and the Qing Dynasty, but
fund unexpected deficient, obviously Zheng Zhilong lies in the commercial trade management also to have its originality.
This article hoped penetrates the historical data to reorganize, the return to original state history, presented the Zheng Zhilong at that time business process, and hoped penetrated Zheng Zhilong''s research, had the further
understanding regarding the end of the Ming dynasty at that time marine international trade, also hoped the penetration historical evidence could give Zheng Zhilong a new appraisal.